India is said to be the land of farmers and these farmers are mostly living in the rural India. Various types of agricultural activities are found in different parts of the country. Agriculture is categorised into different types on the basis of purpose of farming.
The diversity of plants and animal provide us food, fuel, medicine, shelter and other essentials without which we cannot live. Bio-diversity is a short form of biological diversity. In simple terms, bio-diversity is the total number of genes, species and ecosystems of a region. It includes (i) genetic diversity (ii) species diversity and (iii) eco-system diversity.
India has monsoon type of climate. The word ‘monsoon ‘refers to the seasonal reversal of the wind direction in a year. Due to this, India has four prominent seasons - cold weather season, hot weather season, advancing southwest monsoon season and post or retreating monsoon season.
The Constitution of India has made alternate provision for the structure and functioning of all the three branches of the government - executive, legislature and judiciary, The President, the Council of Ministers with Prime Minister constitute the executive branch of the Government, the Parliament with its two houses - House of the People or Lok Sabha and Council of States or Rajya Sabha is the legislative branch and the Supreme Court heads the judicial branch.
Local Government is a government of the local people. Being located nearest to the local people, local government institutions are under constant observation of the society. The Government of India has empowered the institutions by 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts 1992, so that they may work for the welfare of the local people in a more effective manner.