The diversity of plants and animal provide us food, fuel, medicine, shelter and other essentials without which we cannot live. Bio-diversity is a short form of biological diversity. In simple terms, bio-diversity is the total number of genes, species and ecosystems of a region. It includes (i) genetic diversity (ii) species diversity and (iii) eco-system diversity.
Due to its unique location, India is endowed with rich bio-diversity.
Natural Vegetation of India
1. Tropical Evergreen
2. Tropical Decidious
3. Thorn Forest
4. Tidal Forest
5. Himalayan Vegetation
The vegetation changes according to altitude. The decreasing temperature with increasing altitude lead to varied types of vegetation.