India is the seventh largest country of the world. It extends from the state of Jammu and Kashmir in the North to the state of Tamil Nadu in the South; from the state of Arunachal Pradesh in the east to the state of Gujarat in the west.
Location and Extent
Latitudinal extent of Indian mainland is 8°4′ to 37°6′ North. Longitudinal extent of Indian mainland is 68°7′ to 97°25′ East. North - South extent is 3214 km. East - West extent is 2933 km.
India accounts for 2.42% of the total land area of the world. India lies entirely in the Northern hemisphere and Eastern hemisphere. The tropic of cancer (23°30′ N latitude) passes through almost the centre of the country. The Indian Standard Meridian (82°30′ E longitude) passes almost from the middle of the country.
India is surrounded by water from three sides - Arabian Sea (West), Bay of Bengal (East) and Indian Ocean (South). Kannya Kumari is the southern most (8°4′N latitude) point of Indian Mainland.
Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep are the important islands which are located in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea respectively.
Physical Divisions of India
- Northern Mountain
- Peninsular Plateau
- Coastal Plain
- Northern Plain