NDA/NA (1) 2018 General English Questions

NDA Questions

Directions: (Q. Nos. 1-10) Each item in this section consists of a sentence with an underlined word/words followed by four words. Select the option that is nearest in meaning to the underlined word/words and mark your response in your answer sheet accordingly.

1. I do not want you to lead a life of sycophancy as you did during the foreign rule.

  • (a)  admiration
  • (b)  love
  • (c)  appreciation
  • (d)  flattery

2. In India, it has become easy to attack cultural artefacts these days.

  • (a)  beckon
  • (b)  assault
  • (c)  belch
  • (d)  appreciate

3. A local court granted bail to the criminal on Thursday.

  • (a)  confessed
  • (b)  donated
  • (c)  allowed
  • (d)  yielded

4. The judge told that he would analyze the evidence and then deliver the verdict.

  • (a)  liberate
  • (b)  surrender
  • (c)  transfer
  • (d)  pronounce

5. The growth and development of the peasant movement was indissolubly linked with the national struggle for freedom.

  • (a)  firmly
  • (b)  vaguely
  • (c)  individually
  • (d)  steadily

6. Weather conditions have been improving over the past few days.

  • (a)  mending
  • (b)  amending
  • (c)  becoming better
  • (d)  advancing

7. The confusion on the interlocutor’s face was gratifying.

  • (a)  government officer
  • (b)  party worker
  • (c)  dialogist
  • (d)  revolutionary

8. He spends his money lavishly.

  • (a)  hesitatingly
  • (b)  generously
  • (c)  foolishly
  • (d)  carefully

9. The government’s new policies will come into force from the next fiscal.

  • (a)  calendar
  • (b)  academic
  • (c)  financial
  • (d)  leap

10. Abundant food was available for the soldiers in the mess.

  • (a)  little
  • (b)  plentiful
  • (c)  delicious
  • (d)  wholesome

Directions (Q. Nos. 11-20) Each item in this section consists of a sentence with an underlined word/words followed by four words. Select the option that is opposite in meaning to the underlined word/words and mark your response in your Answer Sheet accordingly.

11. The country’s economy must be geared to wartime requirements.

  • (a)  subordinated to
  • (b)  related to
  • (c)  adjusted to
  • (d)  unlinked to

12. Why does the attract insects?

  • (a)  discharge
  • (b)  destroy
  • (c)  repel
  • (d)  remove

13. The party was excellent, and I would like to thank all the people concerned.

  • (a)  cared
  • (b)  attentive
  • (c)  dependable
  • (d)  uninvolved

14. He is very serious by temperament.

  • (a)  grave
  • (b)  trivial
  • (c)  sober
  • (d)  stupid

15. There are a few miscellaneous items to discuss in this meeting.

  • (a)  pure
  • (b)  mixed
  • (c)  homogenous
  • (d)  discordant

16. Due to the postal strike, the outgoing mail got delayed.

  • (a)  urgent
  • (b)  incoming
  • (c)  ordinary
  • (d)  speedy

17. He had a fine ear for music.

  • (a)  small
  • (b)  close
  • (c)  coarse
  • (d)  smooth

18. There is no likeness between him and his brother.

  • (a)  unlikeliness
  • (b)  unlikelihood
  • (c)  dissimilarity
  • (d)  disaffinity

19. Cultural diversity in the working place is good for business.

  • (a)  unformity
  • (b)  conformity
  • (c)  identity
  • (d)  similarity

20. The company was liquidated within five years.

  • (a)  bankrupt
  • (b)  closed down
  • (c)  flourishing
  • (d)  privatized

Directions (Q. Nos. 21-25) Each item in this section has a sentence with three underlined parts labeled (a), (b), and (c). Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in any underlined part. If you find no error, your response should be indicated as (d).

21. The politician lost face in his constituency (a) / when he broke the pre-election promises (b) / he made to his people. (c) No error (d)

22. At the request of the Defence Attorney, (a) / the jury were called (b)/ and their individual verdicts were recorded. (c) No error (d)

23. Frank Lloyd Wright has been acclaimed (a) / by colleagues (b) / as the greater of all modern architects. (c) No error (d)

24. In my younger days (a) / I could run four miles (b) / at a stretch. (c) No error (d)

25. The owner (a) / as well as his servants (b) / is honest. (c) No error (d)

Directions (Q. Nos. 26-30) Given below are some idioms/phrases followed by four alternatives meanings to each. Choose the response (a), (b), (c) or (d) which is the most appropriate expression.

26. Cry over spilt milk

  • (a)  Complaining about a loss in the past
  • (b)  Too much inquisitive about something
  • (c)  When something is done badly to save money
  • (d)  Dealing with a problem only in an emergency situation

27. Cut the mustard

  • (a)  Prepare spices out of mustard seeds
  • (b)  To come up to expectations
  • (c)  Making absurd expectations
  • (d)  Very enthusiastic

28. Devil’s advocate

  • (a)  A dangerous person
  • (b)  To present a counter argument     
  • (c)  Very argumentative person
  • (d)  Creating an unpleasant situation

29. Don’t count your chickens before the eggs have hatched

  • (a)  If you are not good at something better to avoid that
  • (b)  Don’t make plans for something that might not happen
  • (c)  Not to come up to expectations
  • (d)  Don’t put all your resources in one possibility

30. Give the benefit of doubt

  • (a)  To be partial to someone
  • (b)  To be judgemental
  • (c)  Regard someone as innocent until proven otherwise
  • (d)  Say something exactly right

Directions (Q. Nos. 31-35) In this section each item consists of six sentences of a passage. The first and sixth sentences are given in the beginning as S1 and S6. The middle four sentences in each have been jumbled up and labeled P, Q, R, and S. You are required to find the proper sequence of the four sentences.

31. S1 : The Subsidiary Alliance system was extremely advantageous to the British.

S6 : They controlled the defence and the foreign relations of the protected ally.

P : They could now maintain a large army at the cost of Indian states.

Q : if many war occurred in the territories

R : either of the British ally or of the Britishers

S : This enabled them a to fight wars far away from their own territories

This proper sequence should be

  • (a)  P Q R S
  • (b)  P S Q R
  • (c)  Q R P S
  • (d)  S R P Q

32. S1 : In reality, by signing a Subsidiary Alliance, an Indian State virtually signed away its independence.

S6 : In fact, the Indian ruler lost all vestiges of sovereignty in external matters.

P : of maintaining diplomatic relations

Q : It lost the right of self defence

R : with its neighbours

S: and of settling its disputes

The proper sequence should be

  • (a)  P Q R S
  • (b)  R S P Q
  • (c)  Q P S R
  • (d)  Q S R P

33. S1 : A mighty popular Revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857.

S6 : Millions of peasants, artisans and soldiers fought heroically and wrote a glorious chapter.

P : Sepoys or the Indian soldier of the Company’s army

Q : but soon engulfed wide regions and involved the masses

R : and nearly swept away the British rule

S : It began with a mutiny of the

The proper sequence should be

  • (a)  R S P Q
  • (b)  P Q R S
  • (c)  S R P Q
  • (d)  Q R P S

34. S1 : The Indian Civil Service gradually developed into one of the most efficient and powerful civil services in the world.

S6 : though these qualities obviously served. British and not Indian interests.

P : and often participated in the making of policy

Q : independence, integrity and hard work

R : They developed certain traditions of

S : Its members exercised vast power

The proper sequence should be

  • (a)  P Q R S
  • (b)  Q R S P
  • (c)  R S Q P
  • (d)  S P R Q

35. S1 : The ruin of India handicrafts was reflected in the ruin of the towns and cities which were famous for their manufactures.

S6 : Centres were developed and laid waste.

P : Dacca, Surat, Murshidabad and many other rising industrial

Q : ravages of war and plunder, failed to

R : survive British conquest

S : Cities which had withstood the

The proper sequence should be

  • (a)  P Q R S
  • (b)  S Q R P
  • (c)  S R P Q
  • (d)  Q R S P

Directions (Q. Nos. 36-45) In this section you have two short passages. After each passage, you will find some items based on the passage. First, read a passage and answer the items based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.

Passage I

The rule of the road means that in order that the liberties of all may be preserved, the liberties of everybody must be curtailed. When the policeman, say, at a road-crossing steps into the middle of the road and puts out his hand, he is the symbol not of tyranny but of liberty. You have submitted to a curtailment of private liberty in order that you may enjoy a social order which makes your liberty a reality. We ‘have both liberties to preserve – our Individual liberty and our social liberty.

That is, we must have a judicious mixture of both. I shall not permit any authority to say that my child must go to this school or that, shall specialize in science or arts. These things are personal. But if I say that my child shall have no education at all, then society will firmly tell me that my child must have education whether I like it or not.

36. According to the author, the “rule of the road” implies

  • (a)  the rule regulating the traffic on the road
  • (b)  the principle on which a road is constructed to ensure safe traffic
  • (c)  unrestricted freedom for all to lead a happy life
  • (d)  restricted individual freedom to ensure freedom for all

37. The author thinks that when a policeman signals you to stop on a road-crossing, he is

  • (a)  behaving in a whimsical manner
  • (b)  interfering with  you freedom to use the road
  • (c)  protecting the liberty of all to use the road
  • (d)  mischievously creating hurdles in your way from some personal motive

38. The authors is of the view that we should

  • (a)  have absolute individual liberty without any restrictions imposed by the society
  • (b)  have everything, controlled by the society without any kind of individual liberty
  • (c)  try to strike a sensible balance between our individual and our social liberty
  • (d)  have more of social liberty than individual liberty

39. The author holds that

  • (a)  educating or not educating his child is a matter of personal liberty
  • (b)  educating or not educating his child is also a matter of social liberty
  • (c)  choosing the school for his child is a matter of social liberty
  • (d)  choosing the subject of study for his child is a matter of social liberty

40. The most suitable title of the passage would be

  • (a)  The Policeman at a Road Crossing
  • (b)  The Laws of the Road
  • (c)  Importance of Liberty
  • (d)  Education of Children

Passage 2

My most interesting visitor comes at night, when the lights are still burning – a tiny bat who prefers to fly in through the open door and will use the window only if there is no alternative. His object in entering the house is to snap up the moths that cluster around the lamps. All the bats I have seen fly fairly high, keeping near the ceiling; but this particular bat flies in low, like a dive-bomber, zooming in and out of chair legs and under tables. Once, he passed straight between my legs. Has his radar gone wrong, I wondered, or is he just pain crazy?

41. Consider the following statements :

(1) The tiny bat flew in low like a dive bomber.

(2) The tiny bat like all bats keeps near the ceiling.

(3) It has lost direction because its radar has gone wrong.

(4) It wants to entertain the author with its skill in flying.

Which of the above statements may be assumed to be true from the information given in the passage?

  • (a)  Only 1
  • (b)  1 and 3
  • (c)  2 and 4
  • (d)  3 and 4

42. The bat entered the room

  • (a)  because there was no alternative
  • (b)  to eat the moths round the lamps
  • (c)  as it had gone mad
  • (d)  as it preferred to fly in through the open floor

43. After comparing the habits of the tiny bat with those of other bats, the author was

  • (a)  sure that this bat had lost its direction
  • (b)  not sure of its preferences
  • (c)  surprised to find that it was an expert flier
  • (d)  unable to give the correct explanation for its behaviour

44. The author calls the tiny bat an “interesting visitor”. This means

  • (a)  the bat visits him at night
  • (b)  the bat is interested in the moths
  • (c)  this bat has peculiar qualities
  • (d)  this bat surprises him by zooming in and out like a dive-bomber

45. What, according to you, can be the most suitable title for the passage?

  • (a)  Someone visits me
  • (b)  Night of Mysteries
  • (c)  My Nocturnal Visitor
  • (d)  A Funny Visitor

Directions (Q. Nos. 46-50) Each of the following sentences in this section has a blank space and four words or group of words given after the sentence. Select the word or group of words you consider most appropriate for the blank space.

46. The tired traveler ……… on in the hop of finding some resting place.

  • (a)  strolled
  • (b)  scurried
  • (c)  paraded
  • (d)  plodded

47. The car was damaged beyond repair in the …………. accident.

  • (a)  outrageous
  • (b)  ghastly
  • (c)  nasty
  • (d)  heinous

48. They gave a…… dinner to celebrate the occasion, which impressed every guest.

  • (a)  austere
  • (b)  public
  • (c)  sumptuous
  • (d)  summary

49. Once the ………… manuscript is received by the publishers, it is typed in double space.

  • (a)  total
  • (b)  full
  • (c)  complete
  • (d)  filled

50. I am used to ………… in queues.

  • (a)  stand
  • (b)  standing
  • (c)  stand up
  • (d)  standing still